October 15, 2019
Insecurity is one of the most important problems with the greatest impact on the economy, society and families, it is therefore that a tool has been generated to help the authorities in the security strategies they implement.
El Pulsometro is a measurement that since 2011 has shown the perception of security in the metropolitan area of Monterrey, respect the confidence in the police and of the commitment perceived in the authorities to reduce crime rates. This information is presented by the Civic Council, COPARMEX Nuevo León, CANACO Monterrey, INDEX Nuevo León, CANADEVI Nuevo León, and by CAINTRA Nuevo León.
The municipalities considered were Monterrey, San Nicolás de los Garza, Guadalupe, Santa Catarina, Escobedo, Apodaca, San Pedro Garza García, Juárez and García, Nuevo León, and the metropolitan area as a whole.
The specific objectives of el Pulsometro were the following:
• Know the population's perception of security aspects in their Municipality, in the State and in the Country.
• Know the degree of confidence that the population has towards in the following security institutions: Municipal Police, Civil Force, Federal Police, Army and Navy.
• Know the level of commitment that citizens perceive from the different heads of government: Mayors, Governor and President, in their struggle to solve the problem of insecurity.
¿How is el Pulsometro carried out?
It is elaborated by el Tecnológico de Monterrey through citizen surveys via telephone with a rigorous statistical methodology that guarantees the representativeness of the samples and the comparison between the 18 editions. On this occasion, about 2,500 citizens of legal age were interviewed between July 17 and August 31, 2019.
Starting with the item of security perception, the results detected that, comparing the measurement of April 2018 with the measurement of August 2019, there is a change towards improvement, and the habitants of the metropolitan area increased the perception of security on their municipality.
The number that has been reported since the first edition is the total number of respondents who responded to feeling “safe”.
In August 2019, 17.5% of the citizens in the metropolitan area of Monterrey indicated feeling safe living in their municipality, this represents a slight increase of about two percentage points compared to April 2018. Most municipalities have an improvement.
San Pedro, Santa Catarina and Monterrey were the municipalities that presented the greatest advance in the perception of security. San Pedro, being first, being 4 out of 10 people who consider it safe to live in the municipality, when in April 2018 there were only 3 out of 10.
However, in municipalities such as Escobedo, García and Juárez there were setbacks. To mention an example, in the case of Escobedo, during August 2019, 17% of citizens indicate feeling safe, when in April 2018 the percentage was 21%.
Turning to the area of trust that citizens have for security authorities, municipal security bodies showed an improvement from 7.5% of citizens, indicating that they have a lot of confidence in their police in April 2018 to 8.3% in August 2019, however, this change is not statistically significant. With the exception of three corporations, for the rest, not one in ten has a lot of confidence in their municipal police, showing that municipal police must continue to work on the trust provided by citizens.
Regarding the Civil Force, the negative trend that the corporation has maintained since 2015 is worrying, which has led from 21% of citizens who had “much confidence” to only 12.8% in this last measurement.
Finally, the Army and Navy remain the most trusted institutions for the citizens of Monterrey and the metropolitan area. In both, about half of the habitants mentioned having a lot of confidence.
As a last item, the perception of the authorities’ commitment to combat insecurity is measured. The citizens surveyed have the option of answering "committed", "somewhat committed" or "nothing committed." It is important to mention that this measurement is the first for the current municipal and Federal administrations, where important advances are shown.
On the municipal side, in April 2018, only 2 out of 10 citizens considered their Mayor committed to ending insecurity. Now, in August 2019, one year after the elections, the perception of this commitment increased to 3 out of 10 citizens. This improvement is shown both in Mayors who were reelected as those who took the position for the first time.
In relation to the Governor, the downward trend is maintained by the commitment perceived by the citizens. At the beginning of his administration, in March 2016, 25% of citizens saw him committed to ending insecurity; Now, in August 2019, 9.2% mention this option, a very significant reduction. That is, only 1 in 10 citizens sees it compromised. Homicides and sexual crimes, only the former have increased by 53% compared to 2018 based on statistics from el Secretariado Ejecutivo del Sistema Nacional de Seguridad Pública. This situation is alarming for the state, and requires from the Head of the Executive a greater commitment to end the insecurity.
Finally, and great in relevance, is the perceived commitment of the President of the Republic to end the insecurity perceived by the citizens of the metropolitan area of Monterrey. Specifically, 43.3% of the habitants of the metropolitan area consider the President of Mexico committed, a percentage contrasted with the 10.1% presented by the previous President in the last edition of el Pulsometro in April 2018.